People generally question the difference between above and below-ground drainage, provided by terrain drainage systems. In simple words, Above-ground drainage refers to the collection of rainwater from rooftops, paved surfaces, and other areas that are above the ground. This type of drainage usually involves gutters and downspouts to collect and direct the water away from the building.
Below-ground drainage is the collection of rainwater from the ground surface. This type of drainage usually involves the installation of pipes, drains, and catch basins to collect and direct the water away from the building. This type of drainage is typically used for areas with high water tables or shallow soils, or if the existing above-ground drainage is inadequate.
Above-ground drainage typically uses pipes made of plastic, like PVC or ABS. These types of pipes are lightweight, inexpensive, and easy to install. They are also resistant to corrosion and can withstand extreme temperatures.
Below-ground drainage typically uses pipes made of metal, like iron or galvanized steel. These types of pipes are more expensive and harder to install, but they are more durable and resistant to corrosion. They are also better equipped to handle higher water pressures and heavier loads.
Pipe material used in terrain drainage systems, be it for above-ground drainage or below-ground drainage systems, is of premium quality that lasts for years with minimum maintenance.
Terrain drainage system uses above-ground drainage in situations where the water needs to be easily accessed and managed. These systems are used to collect rainwater and runoff from the roof, gardens, driveways, and other areas. The water is then taken away from the property, typically to a local watercourse.
Below-ground drainage systems are typically used in situations where the water needs to be hidden and not seen. These systems are used to collect and transport excess water away from the property, typically to a local watercourse or a sewage treatment plant. The water is not typically accessible or visible.
Above-ground drainage typically takes the collected water to a storm drain, septic system, or other nearby waterways. Gutters and downpipes, the two most common types of above-ground drains, transport water to gullies, which are at the same height as the ground. Water travels underground after passing via the gutter and then the downpipe. It is then transported to a separate sewage tank. Finally, it is returned to nature without further treatment.
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Below-ground drainage typically directs the collected water into a sewer system, a septic system, a stormwater retention pond, or a natural body of water such as a lake, river, or stream. It will take a longer route. First, all private wastewater lines from people’s homes join a local sewer pipe. The public authority maintains the sewer pipe. Soiled water is subsequently gravity-fed into a water treatment plant.
Terrain drainage systems keep these differences in mind when fitting pipes for above and below-ground drainages, and on the bases of these differences, the quality, and material of the pipes are determined.
In conclusion, above and below-ground drainage systems are important components of any building’s infrastructure. Ultimately, the type of drainage system you choose should be based on the specific needs of your project and the resources available to you. Obaid Masood can help you choose the right kind of plumbing equipment and services to make your home more luxurious.